Ryerson University Library and Archives Home

French

Why Cite

When writing a research paper you will use a wide variety of resources.  You are required to cite your sources for two main reasons:

  1. To give credit to the creator of the original idea.  By citing you will avoid any charges of plagiarism.
  2. To enable readers of your paper to be able to find the resources you have used and consult them to read further on the topic.

For more information, check Why We Cite and How to Avoid Plagiarism.

MLA Style

MLA Style is commonly used in the arts, literature and the humanities.

Style and Formatting Help

MLA Formatting and Style Guide from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)

MLA Style Formatting from Ryerson University Student Learning Support 

Official MLA Style Guide  

MLA Handbook

Chicago Manual of Style

Style and Formatting Guides""

Chicago Manual of Style 16th Edition from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)

Chicago Basic Style Guide from Student Learning Support (Ryerson University)

Official Versions 

APA Style

Style and Formatting Help

APA Style from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)

APA Style Formatting from Student Learning Support (Ryerson University)

APA Style Simplified (E-Book)

APA FAQ (APA Style Blog)

Quick Help

Citing sources in the body of your essay

In-Text Citations (Authors)
In-Text Citations (Websites)

Creating a Reference List/Bibliography

Books

Electronic sources (Online Articles, E-books, Websites)

Other non-print sources (Email, Movies, Interviews)

APA Style Guide (Official Copy)

The Library has multiple copies of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th edition). It is available at the following locations:

  • Reserve (2nd floor Check-out desk). Two copies are available to be checked out for 2 hours.
  • 6th floor. Four copies are available for regular loan period.

The call number is: BF76.7 .P82 2010

Concise Edition

Concise Rules of APA Style, is the official short and easy-to-use version and is also available for 2 hour loans.

  • Reserve (2nd floor Check-out desk). Call number  BF76.7 .C66 2010

Why we Cite

Information has Value!

Watch one of these create videos why we cite from  the University of North Carolina and North Carolina State University 

Why We Cite

From The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Citation: A (very) Brief Introduction  

From North Carolina State University

Image of Video for Why we Cite - click on image Citation Video from NCSU


Here's a break down of why we cite?

  • To attribute words and ideas to their original source – simply giving credit where credit is due.

  • To provide your readers with a kind of “map”of what you have been reading – to help your readers understand what has influenced your thinking.

  • To add weight and credibility to your paper –to demonstrate that you are engaged in the relevant research material

  • To provide an easy way for your readers to get access to the source material.

  • To situate yourself in an academic community with shared conventions.

  • To avoid plagiarism.

Citation Management

Citing is an important part of the research process; however, it can be frustrating and time consuming.  There are various tools that you can use to help you to manage your research and cite properly.  They will let you:

  • gather citations from online resources 
  • organize and edit your citations
  • create in-text citations and bibliographies
  • collaborate and share your research with others 

Popular citation managers include Mendeley, Zotero, and Endnote.

View the RULA guide to Mendeley

View the RULA guide to Zotero