For certain assignments you might be asked to use primary sources. Primary sources are works created at the time of an event, or by a person who directly experienced an event.
It is the content that matters and an on-line source can still be a primary source. For example, an online copy of a newspaper from May 8, 1945, is still a primary source even though the original article has been digitized.
Primary sources can include:
Secondary sources are works that are written after the original event or experience; they provide criticism or interpretation of the event or experience.
Some examples of secondary sources are:
Check out University of Victoria’s Library video on Primary vs. Secondary sources. (Closed Captioned)
To find primary sources in the RU Library catalogue
Use keywords for your topic or historic person along with one of the following words:
Some digital collections from Adam Matthew Digital that may be useful for historical studies follow:
Some of the Alexander Street Press collections may also be useful:
Historical Newspapers are listed on the bottom of the page for Journals and Articles.
Many governmental bodies, academic and public libraries, museums, and private organizations are creating digital collections. Often access is free of charge. Use a search engine to look for names of countries, provinces/states, cities, organizations, or individuals AND archives.
American Memory (Library of Congress)
Digital Collections (Library of Congress)
AMDOCS: Documents for the Study of American History (University of Kansas)
National Archives (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration)
National Museum of American History (Smithsonian)
Primary Documents in American History (Library of Congress)
United States House of Representatives -- History, Art & Archives (includes oral history)
United States Senate -- Art & History (includes an oral history project)
Avalon Project: Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy (from Yale Law School, includes international Treaties)