Statutes cannot be drafted to consider every eventuality in life. For this reason, the courts must apply the law to specific situations and their judgments are reported in case reporters. Not all cases that go to court are reported. What does get reported are cases that further our understanding of the law.
Cases are compiled together based on jurisdiction (e.g., Ontario, Nova Scotia, federal), by court (e.g., Supreme Court, Appeal Court), and by topic (e.g., business law, construction law, tax law). The citation includes the name of the parties, the year of the decision, the reporter information, and the court jurisdiction and level.