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Citation Guide (APA and other Styles)

Citing Business Sources in APA

What’s in this guide?

American Psychological Association (APA) citation style is widely used in business and the social sciences. This guide gives APA citation style examples for selected business research sources with a focus on online resources.

Why Cite

When writing a research paper you will use a wide variety of resources.  You are required to cite your sources for two main reasons:

  1. To give credit to the creator of the original idea.  By citing you will avoid any charges of plagiarism.
  2. To enable readers of your paper to be able to find the resources you have used and consult them to read further on the topic.

For more information, check Why We Cite and How to Avoid Plagiarism.

Citing Company or Industry Reports in your Reference List

Examples

Business Insights: Global

Gale Cengage Learning. (n.d.). Electronic Arts Inc. [company profile]. Business Insights: Global. Retrieved July 5, 2016.

Conference Board of Canada

Clarke, T. (2020, January 28). Canadian industrial outlook: Wood products. Conference Board of Canada e-library. Retrieved February 14, 2020. 

EIU

Economist Intelligence Unit. (n.d.). Country report: Canada. Economist Intelligence Unit. Retrieved February 13, 2020.

Factiva

FactSet Research Systems Inc. (2020). Factiva company report Adidas AG. Dow Jones Factiva. Retrieved January 1, 2020.

Nexis Uni

LexisNexis. (2019, November 18). Electronic Arts Inc. [dossier]. Nexis Uni. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

Mergent Online

Mergent. (n.d.). Amazon.com Inc. [company report]. Mergent Online. Retrieved February 14, 2020.

Mintel 

Zmijak, A. (2020, January). Innovations in travel - Canada. Mintel. Retrieved February 13, 2020.

Note: Mintel reports usually list an analyst (author)’s name.  If an author’s name is listed, then it must be included in the citation.

Passport

Euromonitor International. (2019, March). Sportswear in Canada. Passport. Retrieved February 15, 2020.

IBISWorld

Sayler, B. (2018, March). IBISWorld industry report 72221bCA: Coffee & snack shops in Canada. IBISWorld. Retrieved September 12, 2019. 

Note: IBISWorld reports usually list an author’s name.  If an author’s name is listed, then it must be included in the citation.

Statista

Oloruntoba, A., Sapun, P., & Witte, M. (2019, August). Sports cars report 2019: Statista mobility market outlook. Statista. Retrieved February 7, 2020.

Note: Statista documents often list an author’s name or other organization as author.  Reports provide the source/analyst(s) at the very end of the PDF document. If none is listed, list Statista as the author. Otherwise list the other organization or individual author.

Citing Annual Reports in your Reference List

From a company website

Microsoft Corp. (2019, October 16). Annual report 2019. https://www.microsoft.com/investor/reports/ar19/index.html

Note: if the author and site name are the same (e.g., Microsoft), do not include the site name from the citation.

From SEDAR

HSBC. (2020, February 24). HSBC Bank Canada: Annual report and accounts 2019. SEDAR. https://www.sedar.com/