When writing a research paper you will use a wide variety of resources. You are required to cite your sources for two main reasons:
For more information, check Why We Cite and How to Avoid Plagiarism.
*All links and sources reflect APA 7th edition (2019) unless noted.
APA Style from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL) *Updated for APA 7th edition (2019)
APA Style Formatting from Student Learning Support (Ryerson University) *APA 6th edition (last updated in 2016)
APA FAQ *Updated for APA 7th edition (2019)
The Library has multiple copies of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition). It is available at the following locations:
The call number is: BF76.7 .P82 2020
So how do you pick the best citation management software for you? There are many factors to consider. For example, if you are an undergraduate student, you might be looking for the fastest and easiest option—something with a short learning curve, which lets you grab citations and produce bibliographies in a snap. Oh, and let's not forget: it needs to be free or cheap.
If you're a graduate student or a faculty member, you might have different considerations: the software needs to work well with the databases you use frequently, it must be able to organize and filter a large number of citations, and it should be able to produce a bibliography in the primary style used in your discipline. If you're working on a research team, you'll also want to make sure the software allows you to collaborate with your colleagues smoothly.
U of T has created this guide comparison chart below to help you examine the different features available and figure out the best option for you. We've adapted it slightly to reflect Ryerson's resources.
Adapted from University of Toronto Libraries Citation Management
Properly citing your data lends to the integrity of your research. While citing data and statistical sources are not standardized, here are some resources to help guide you.
Please note: If you are asked to follow a specific citation format according to a particular style guide (e.g. APA) it is important to follow that citation format as consistently as possible.