Now is the time for in-depth researching!
Use synonyms: Often there are multiple ways to express the same concept. For example these synonyms mean essentially the same thing – make sure to use them:
Use quotation marks " ":
If one of your synonyms contains more than one word (e.g., First Nations) use quotation marks (” “) around the whole phrase (e.g., “First Nations”) to ensure the words are searched for together and not separately.
Combine Keywords with AND
Teenagers AND Jobs = this finds books and articles that contain both Teenagers and Jobs
Combine Synonyms with OR and put them in Bracket ( )
(Teenagers OR Teens OR Young People) = This will find books and articles that contain either one, two or three of these words
If you keep getting the wrong result try NOT
Example: Java Script NOT Coffee
Métis NOT Inuit
"First Nation" AND (Teenagers OR Adolescents OR Youth) AND (Employment OR Work Or Jobs) AND Canada
When searching in Databases try to use the following:
Limit your search to look only for the title or author, within a certain date range, in a certain format, and more. This eliminates a lot of irrelevant results immediately. (These are found in the advanced search options in either databases and websites).
Advanced Search Options:
Everywhere you search, from the library catalogue, to article databases, to Google and Yahoo, there will be a Help page for search tips and a Advanced Search options page. Explore these pages for site-specific search tips.
Where To Find Your Sources:
Our website will help you find books, newspapers and scholarly articles. Follow these helpful links to find these specific source using our website:
A Quick Overview of How to Find Sources on RULA's Website:
To find scholarly and in-depth books you need to use Ryerson Library’s Book search engine. You can also use it to find other resources such as DVDs and government reports.
Get Started on Finding Books.
The easiest way to find articles and newspapers is through the Library databases. The databases act like search engines for scholarly articles, magazine and newspapers.
How to Find Library Databases
You will have to search more than one database – different databases contain different articles on your topic
Here's the Research Databases tab on the Library’s Homepage:
By picking Biology from the pull down list your get a list of databases for Biology
Get started on searching databases
Be sure to read every source carefully and critically. You can read once to get the gist of the argument, and the second time to read critically to see if the argument is well supported. Finally, note how this source will help enhance your main point/thesis.
Here is a helpful hint from RUSEARCH entitled “How to Read Critically”
It is absolutely essential that you take notes as you are compiling your research, and even more crucial when you decide which arguments you believe will be the best for your work. Taking notes does not mean copying down word for word, but in essence a summary of the work, or an idea that resonates with you.
Here are some helpful links from RUSEARCH on some Note Taking Methods
Academic Integrity is about being truthful and honest in your academic work. This means taking responsibility to ensure that the works you use are properly cited, and that credit is given to the original author. Your paper should be a balance of citations from the experts and your own voice.
Proper note-taking will help you ensure you give proper credit where credit is due.
For more information on academic integrity, please visit the Academic Integrity Website.