A literature review is a critical analysis and review of published literature on a certain topic or research question. It is specifically designed to examine, analyze, and critique scholarly writings that are related to and around a research question or topic. The purpose of a literature review is to represent the literature that surrounds a particular topic and shows resemblance between the works you have researched and your research question.
There are five basic steps involved in a literature review:
This guide will illustrate each of these steps in detail and provide examples to help students in writing their literature reviews.
A literature review should not be confused with an annotated bibliography. It is not simply a summary of information you have found on a topic. Literature reviews are more in depth and provides analysis of multiple works relating to a research question.
Courtesy of Washington University Library
“Library Guides: Annotated Bibliographies: Overview.” Overview - Annotated Bibliographies - Library Guides at University of Washington Libraries, guides.lib.uw.edu/tacoma/annotated.