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Philosophy

Quick Summary: Why we Cite

  1. Citing is part of your academic duty to attribute words and ideas to their original source – simply giving credit where credit is due.
     
  2. It adds weight and credibility to your paper – you demonstrate that you are engaged in the relevant research material
     
  3. We cite to avoid plagiarism - Plagiarism means claiming the words, ideas, artistry, drawings, images or data of another person as if they were your own.

 

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Academic Integrity at Ryerson (policies) 

APA Style

APA Style

*All links and sources reflect APA 7th edition (2019) unless noted.

Style and Formatting Help

APA Style from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL) *Updated for APA 7th edition (2019)

APA FAQ *Updated for APA 7th edition (2019)

Quick Help

Citing sources in the body of your essay

In-Text Citations (Authors and websites)
 

Creating a Reference List/Bibliography

Books

Electronic sources (Online Articles, E-books, Websites, YouTube etc)

APA in your Essay

What an APA paper looks like (OWL Purdue)

APA Style Guide (Official Copy)

The Library has multiple copies of the Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition). It is available at the following locations:

  • Reserve (2nd floor Check-out desk). One copy is available to be checked out for 2 hours.
  • 5th floor. One copy is available for regular loan period.

The call number is: BF76.7 .P82 2020

 

MLA Style

MLA Style is commonly used in the arts, literature and the humanities.

Style and Formatting Help

MLA Formatting and Style Guide from Purdue University Online Writing Lab (OWL)

Official MLA Style Guide  

MLA Handbook

Citation Management Apps